ADA: Americans with Disabilities Act
BLS response: The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is the principal fact-finding agency for the Federal Government in the broad field of labor economics and statistics. The BLS is an independent national statistical agency that collects, processes, analyzes, and disseminates essential statistical data to the American public, the U.S. Congress, other Federal agencies, State and local governments, business, and labor. The BLS also serves as a statistical resource to the Department of Labor.
CCPA: The federal wage garnishment law, Consumer Credit Protection Act (CCPA), protects employees from discharge by their employers because their wages have been garnished for any one debt, and limits the amount of an employee's earnings that may be garnished in any one week. The Wage and Hour Division (WHD) of the Department of Labor administers this Act.
COBRA: The Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act gives you the right to choose to keep the group health insurance benefits that you would otherwise lose after you reduce your work hours, quit your job, or lose your job.
DFWA: The Drug-Free Workplace Act (DFWA) requires covered employers and contractors to certify that they are maintaining a drug-free workplace. The DFWA requires that federal agency contractors and employers receiving federal grants of $25,000 or more certify that they are maintaining a drug-free workplace.
DOL: Department of Labor’s mission is to foster, promote, and develop the welfare of the wage earners, job seekers, and retirees of the United States; improve working conditions; advance opportunities for profitable employment; and assure work-related benefits and rights.
DOT: The Department of Transportation oversees federal highway, air, railroad, and maritime and other transportation administration functions.
EEOC: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission is an independent federal law enforcement agency that enforces laws against workplace discrimination.
ERISA: The Employee Retirement Income Security Act is a federal law that sets minimum standards for pension plans in private industry; including minimum standards for participation, vesting, benefit accrual and funding; requires accountability of plan fiduciaries; gives participants the right to sue for benefits and breaches of fiduciary duty; and guarantees payment of certain benefits if a defined plan is terminated, through a federally chartered corporation, known as the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation.
E-Verify: An Internet-based, free program run by the United States government that compares information from an employee's Employment Eligibility Verification Form I-9 to data from U.S. government records. If the information matches, that employee is eligible to work in the United States.
FLSA: The Fair Labor Standards Act establishes minimum wage, overtime pay, recordkeeping, and youth employment standards affecting employees in the private sector and in Federal, State, and local governments.
FMLA: Family Medical Leave Act
GINA: The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 (GINA), prohibits genetic information discrimination in employment and in group health plan coverage based on genetic information. It is illegal to discriminate against employees or applicants because of genetic information. GINA prohibits the use of genetic information in making employment decisions, restricts employers and other entities from requesting, requiring or purchasing genetic information, and strictly limits the disclosure of genetic information.
HIPAA: The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act protects health insurance coverage for workers and their families when they change or lose their jobs; requires the establishment of national standards for electronic health care transactions and national identifiers for providers, health insurance plans, and employers; and addresses the security and privacy of health data.
I-9: The Employment Eligibility Verification Form I-9 is a U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services form. It is used by an employer to verify an employee's identity and to establish that the worker is eligible to accept employment in the United States.
INS: The Immigration and Naturalization Service is a department of the US government that was established to facilitate and provide information and services relating to Immigration and Naturalization.
IRCA: Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA) was passed in order to control and deter illegal immigration to the United States. Its major provisions stipulate legalization of undocumented aliens who had been continuously unlawfully present since 1982, legalization of certain agricultural workers, sanctions for employers who knowingly hire undocumented workers, and increased enforcement at U.S. borders.
OSHA: The Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s mission is to prevent work-related injuries, illnesses, and occupational fatality by issuing and enforcing standards for workplace safety and health.
Title VII: The portion of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex and national origin.
USERRA: The Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA) protects service members' reemployment rights when returning from a period of service in the uniformed services, including those called up from the reserves or National Guard, and prohibits employer discrimination based on military service or obligation. The U.S. Department of Labor’s (DOL) Veterans’ Employment and Training Service (VETS) administers USERRA.
WARN: The Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act (WARN) protects workers, their families, and communities by requiring most employers with 100 or more employees to provide notification 60 calendar days in advance of plant closings and mass layoffs.